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Qt for Python 入门

Qt for Python 快速入门

要求

在可以安装 Qt for Python 之前,首先必须安装下列软件:

安装

Now you are ready to install the Qt for Python packages using pip . From the terminal, run the following command:

pip install PySide2 # For the latest version on PyPi
									

or:

pip install --index-url=http://download.qt.io/snapshots/ci/pyside/5.14/latest pyside2 --trusted-host download.qt.io
									

测试您的安装

Now that you have Qt for Python installed, you can test your setup by running the following Python constructs to print version information:

import PySide2.QtCore
# Prints PySide2 version
# e.g. 5.11.1a1
print(PySide2.__version__)
# Gets a tuple with each version component
# e.g. (5, 11, 1, 'a', 1)
print(PySide2.__version_info__)
# Prints the Qt version used to compile PySide2
# e.g. "5.11.2"
print(PySide2.QtCore.__version__)
# Gets a tuple with each version components of Qt used to compile PySide2
# e.g. (5, 11, 2)
print(PySide2.QtCore.__version_info__)
									

创建简单应用程序

Your Qt for Python setup is ready. You can explore it further by developing a simple application that prints “Hello World” in several languages. The following instructions will guide you through the development process:

  1. Create a new file named hello_world.py , and add the following imports to it.:

    import sys
    import random
    from PySide2 import QtCore, QtWidgets, QtGui
    											

The PySide2 Python module provides access to the Qt APIs as its submodule. In this case, you are importing the QtCore , QtWidgets ,和 QtGui submodules.

  1. Define a class named MyWidget , which extends QWidget and includes a QPushButton and QLabel.:

    class MyWidget(QtWidgets.QWidget):
        def __init__(self):
            super().__init__()
            self.hello = ["Hallo Welt", "Hei maailma", "Hola Mundo", "Привет мир"]
            self.button = QtWidgets.QPushButton("Click me!")
            self.text = QtWidgets.QLabel("Hello World")
            self.text.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignCenter)
            self.layout = QtWidgets.QVBoxLayout()
            self.layout.addWidget(self.text)
            self.layout.addWidget(self.button)
            self.setLayout(self.layout)
            self.button.clicked.connect(self.magic)
        def magic(self):
            self.text.setText(random.choice(self.hello))
    											

The MyWidget class has the magic member function that randomly chooses an item from the hello list. When you click the button, the magic function is called.

  1. Now, add a main function where you instantiate MyWidget and show it.:

    if __name__ == "__main__":
        app = QtWidgets.QApplication([])
        widget = MyWidget()
        widget.resize(800, 600)
        widget.show()
        sys.exit(app.exec_())
    											

Run your example. Try clicking the button at the bottom to see which greeting you get.

Hello World application